Thursday, January 24, 2008

Beauty and Makeup Questions & Answers

What's Skin?
Healthy skinSkin is the body's largest organ, measuring almost 20 square feet in total. The skin on the face and neck is the most delicate skin on the body, and should be treated with delicate products. Because the skin is an organ, it is therefore living and changing. To remain healthy it has to be nourished and cared for.
Normal, healthy skin is chemically balanced at a slightly acidic pH (a level of 7 pH is considerated neutral, any more is alkaline, any less is acidic) and has an healthy glow, which is a sign of beauty.
Cells on the surface of the skin are continually shed off to make room for new ones; the whole process takes about 2 to 3 weeks for younger skin and twice as long for mature skin (more prone to moisture loss).
Pores are small openings in the skin from which oil flows to the surface from oil glands. The size of a pore is proportional to the size of the oil gland under it. There is no known way to reduce the pores, however with appropriate skin care the excess oil can be reduced making the pores appear smaller.

What is a T-Zone?

Is the T-shaped region of the face which includes the Forehead (Horizontally) and the Nose and Chin (Vertically); the skin on the T-zone is usually different from the rest of the face (somewhat more oily), and is an area whose pores tend to clog the most (dead cells mix with oil). Acne can occur when a pore becomes clogged (can happen at any age): oil builds up in the pore and can result into a ruptured follicle and inflamation, a condition also known as acne. Do not attempt to cure Acne with a regular skin care system, it's safer to see a dermatologist for recommendations.

What are Factors that Affect the Skin?

Some factors that affect our skin on a daily basis can be controlled while others are uncontrollable.

Natural Aging: Natural changes occur to our body's chemistry throughout the years, which affect the appearance of skin, it is a process that happens to everyone and can't be stopped.

Sun: The most damaging environmental factor; even though the sun's rays stimulate the skin's production of vitamin D, over the years exposure to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays, dries out, damages and wrinkles the skin. It's important to use SPF before sun exposure.

Humidity: Low humidity robs the skin of moisture, while high humidity can cause the sweat glands to work overtime, both making skin feel oilier. It is essential to keep the skin clean and moisurized in either situation.

Wind, Extreme Temperatures and Pollution: Can cause dry and flaky skin, and the airborn dirt, dust and smog stick to the skin clogging pores and chocking the skin. It's important to follow a good skin care, with cleansing, toning and moisturizing (and washing hands first to get rid of hand's bacteria).

Lack of Vitamins: Vitamins are an effective ingredient in skin care. Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid), in particular, has corrective and preventative benefits on damaged skin, lessening the appearance of deep lines (by enhancing the synthesis and production of collagen).

Lack of Sleep: The simplest and most effective remedy for the skin is sleep. During deep sleep skin renews itself by building new cells. It is essential to sleep 7 to 8 hours at night for this process to take place.

Water & Nutrition: Water is necessary to survive and to flush toxins from our system. Drinking 6 to 8 glasses of purified water daily helps improve circulation and speed cell growth. Healthy Food will provide Minerals and Vitamins to our body, resulting in healthy glowing skin as well.

Exercise: Regular exercise improves circulation, which sends the blood to the surface of the skin, regenerating it's cells; it also alleviates the drastic effects of stress, which can sometimes result in blemishes, hives, under eyes dark circles, and loss of skin color.

Toxic Substances: Cigarette Smoke, Alcohol, Caffeine and Medications are very damaging to the skin look and health. Smoke constricts the capillaries, cutting most of the blood, oxigen and nutrition supply to the skin; this will make it look older and cause deep wrinkles around the mouth and eyes. Alcohol and caffeine are diuretics, which force moisture out of the system dehydrating the skin; while Medications can make the skin more sensitive.

Why do People with Oily Skin need Moisturizers?

Because, the oils produced by their sebaceous glands, may not have significant moisturizing properties, and the skin may still suffer surface dryness. It is recommended that people with oily skin use a light moisturizer dedicated to their oily skins (which won't add extra oil).

Why shouldn't People use Bath Soap on their Face?

The skin on the face and neck is more delicate than the rest of the body. Most bath soaps are too harsh on the face and neck skin; use Face Cleansers to clean these areas of impurities, then use a Toner to stabilize the pH and close the pores finish by moisturizing to lock humidity in and protect the skin.

How do we divide skin color in cool or warm?

Individuals have either cool or warm color undertone to their skin. Cool colors have blue undertone, which results in a light pinkish skin. Warm colors have a yellow undertone, which results in a darker olive or brown skin. As a general rule, makeup looks better when colors are used from the same color family, so cool colors look best on cool skin while warm colors look best on warm skin.

Should Eyeshadow Match Clothes or Eye color?

No. Choose eyeshadows (and other color makeup) based on the colors that suit the skin best (cool or warm), not the outfit; it is best to pick a complementary eyeshadow color (opposite colors on color wheel) to the eye color, which will enhance the beauty of the eyes.

Should Foundation finish on the Jaw or Neck?Makeup

It's important to blend foundation away at the jawline and hairline; there is no need to blend foundation into the neck if it's the right color foundation. When choosing the correct color of foundation, test it on the jawline (never the wrist or hand), to match the color to the face and the neck.

How to make lip color last?

Lip color can sometimes change with our body chemistry, and can also fade very quickly. The solution to both problems is to apply foundation and loose powder to the lips prior to adding lip color. Lining and coloring the whole mouth with a lip pencil also helps the lipstick stay put longer.

Is it Bad to Sleep with Makeup on?

Yes. Even with non-comedogenic makeup (which won't clog the pores), sleeping with makeup will prevent toxins from coming to the surface of the skin to be eliminated and will result in dull complexion. Sleeping with Eye makeup, could be even more dangerous, resulting in an infection. Moisturizing at bed time will lock moisture in, giving healthy glowing skin in the morning.

What is the Shelf-life of Makeup products?

Unopened, all makeup (except mascara and nail polish), has a shelf life of about 3 years; unopened mascara has a shelf life of 1 year, and unopened nail polish is good for 2 years. When opened, look for changing signs, drying up, clumping and color changes are a visual sign (for liquid and cream beauty products), that the makeup has run its course. It's harder to tell with powders, try to keep all the makeup brushes clean (wash them with mild soap and dry flat every 2 weeks), to prolong the shelf life and the spreading of bacteria. If the powder makeup seems to crack easily or to fade, toss it and get a new one. Liquid and cream products (cream foundations, rouges, eye shadows, bronzers, contours and highlighters) have a shelf life of 1 year. All the powder products (Loose and pressed powders, blush, eye shadows and contour powder) have a shelf life of 2 years. Liquid eye liners and mascaras have a shelf life of 6 months. Eye, lip and brow pencils have a shelf life of 3 years. While lipsticks and glosses have a shelf life of 2 years. To extend the shelf life of your beauty products, store them in a dry cool place, away from direct sun light. Remember to put the cap back and close the products tightly after each use.

The skin, as any other organs, needs to be nourished and protected; just like the eyes are the window to your soul, your skin is the window to your health, habits and lifestyle so take good care of it, after all there is no return policy, you only get one!

Be fabulous,


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